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Erudition,Virtue,Integrity,Benevolence

English Learning Corner
 
Medical English 医学名词英文缩写
2017-11-18     Read:

·aa.-of each[各]

·Ab.-antibody[抗体]

·abd.-abdomen[腹部]

·ABG-arterial blood gas[动脉血气]

·abn.-abnormal[异常]

·ABp-arterial blood pressure[动脉压]

·Abs.-absent[无]

·abstr.-abstract[摘要]

·a.c.-before meals[饭前]

·Ach.-actylcholine[乙酰胆碱]

·ACH.-adrenal cortical hormone[肾上腺皮质激素]

·ACT.-active coagulative time[活化凝血时间]

·ACTH.-adrenocorticotripic[促肾上腺皮质激素]

·ad.(add.)-adde[加]

·ad effect.-ad effectum [直到有效]

·ADH.-antidiuretic hormone[抗利尿激素]

·ad lib-at liesure[随意]

·adm.(admin)-adminstration[给药]

·ad us est.-for external use[外用]

·af.-atrial fibrillation[房颤]

·aF.-atrial flutter[房扑]

·AG ratio.-albumin-globulin ratio[白-球蛋白比]

·AIDS.-acquired immune deficiency syndrome[爱滋病]

·al.-left ear[左耳]

·alb.-albumin[白蛋白]

·AM.-before noon[上午]

·amb.-ambulance[救护车]

·amp.(ampul)-ampoule[安瓿]

·ANA.-anesthesia[麻醉]

·anal.-analgesic[镇痛药]

·ap.-before dinner[饭前]

·appr.(approx.)-approximately [大约]

·AR.-aortic regurgitation[主闭]

·AS.-aortic stenosis[主狭]

·ASA.-aspirin[阿斯匹林]

·ASD.-atrial septal defect[房缺]

·AST.-aspartate transaminase[谷草转氨酶]

·atm.(atmos.)-atomsphere[大气压]

·ATS.-antitetanic serum[抗破伤风血清]

·av.-average[平均]

·Ba.-Barium[钡]

·BBT.-basal body temperature[基础体温]

·BCG.-bacille Calmette- Guerin[卡介苗]

·biblio.-biliography[参考文献]

·bid.-twice a day[每日二次]

·b.m.-basal metabolism[基础代谢]

·Bp.-blood pressure[血压]

·bpm-baets per minute[次分]

·BS.-blood sugar[血糖]

·BW.-body weight[体重]

·C.- centigrade[摄氏温度计]

·CA.-carcinoma[癌]

·Cal.-cancer[癌]

·Cal. – calorie[卡]

·Cap. – capsule[囊]

·C.B.C-complete blood count[血常规]

·CC.-chief complaint[主诉]

·CC. list.-critical condition list[病危通知单]

·CCU.- Coronary care unit[冠心病监护室]

·CD.-caesarean delivered[剖腹产]

·CDC.-calculated date of confinement[预产期]

·CEA.-carcinoembryonic antigen[癌胚抗原]

·CG.-control group[对照组]

·CK.-creatine kinase[肌酸激酶]

·Cl.-centilitre[毫开]

·cm.-centimetre[毫米]

·CNS.-central nervous system[中枢神经系统]

·Co.-compound[复方]

·contra.-contraindicated[禁忌]

·CT.- computerized tomography[计算机断层扫描]

·C.V-curriculum vitae[简历]

·DBp-diastolic blood pressure[舒张压]

·DD.- differential diagnosis[鉴别诊断]

·dept.-department[科]

·diag.-diagonsis[诊断]

·DIC-disseminate intravascular coagulation[弥漫性血管内凝血]

·dl.-deciliter[分升]

·DM.-diabetic mellitus[糖尿病]

·DM.-diastolic murmur[舒张期杂音]

·D.O.A-dead on arrival[到达时已死亡]

·DOB.-date of birth[出生日期]

·Dr.-doctor[医生]

·DIW.-dextrose in water[葡萄糖液]

·D-5-W,-5% dextrose in water[5%葡萄糖液]

·DU-duodenal ulcer[十二指肠溃疡]

·ECG.(EKG.)- electrocardiograph[心电图]

·ECHO .-echogram[超声]

·EDD.(EDC)-expected date of delivery (confinement)[预产期]

·ENT. – ears, nose and throat[五官科]

·EMG. – electromyogram[肌电图]

·ER. – emergency room[急诊室]

·et al.-and elsewhere[等等]

·etc. – and so forth[等等]

·F.(Fahr.)-Fahrenheit [华氏]

·F- Female[女性]

·F.B.S.- fasting blood sugar[空腹血糖]

·FDP.-fibrinogen degradation products[纤维蛋白原降解产物]

·FFA. – free fatty acid[游离脂肪酸]

·FUO. – fever of unknown origin[不明原因发热]

·FX. – fracture [骨折]

·GH. – growth hormone[生长素]

·GI.- gastrointestinal[消化]

·GITS. – gastrointestinal therapy system[胃肠治疗系统]

·gtt. – drops[滴]

·GU.- gastric ulcer[胃溃疡]

·Hb. – hemoglobin[血红蛋白]

·HBp.-high blood pressure[高血压]

·HCG. – human choroionic gonadotropic hormone[人绒毛膜促性腺激素]

·HDL.- high density lipoprotein[高密度脂蛋白]

·HR.-heart rate[心率]

·ht.-height[身高]

·HTN.-hypertension[高血压]

·Hx.-history [病历]

·Hypo.-hypodermic injection[皮下注射]

·IABP.-intra – aortic balloon pacing[主动脉内囊反搏]

·IO.-intake and output [进出量]

·ICU. – intensive care unit[重症监护病房]

·ie. – that is [即]

·Ig. – immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白]

·Im. – iutramuscular[肌内的]

·INH.- inhalation[吸入]

·INH.- isoniazid[异烟肼]

·Inj.- injection[注射]

·Int.- intern[实习生]

·IP.- in-patient[住院病入]

·Iu.- international unit[国防单位]

·IV.-intravenously[静脉内]

·J.- joule[焦耳]

·K.U.B- Kidney,ureter and bladder[肾、输尿管和膀胱]

·LBp.-low blood pressure [低血压]

·LC. – laparoscopic cholecystectomy[腹腔镜胆囊切除术]

·LDL.-Low density lipoprotein[低密度脂蛋白]

·Liq. – liquid[液体]

·LMP.- last menstrual period[未次月经]

·LP. –lumbar puncture[腰穿]

·M. –male[男性]

·MCD.-mean corpuscular diameter[平均红细胞直径]

·MCH.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin[平均红细胞血红蛋白量]

·MCHC.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration[平均红细胞血红蛋白浓度]

·MCV.-mean corpuscular volume[平均红细胞体积]

·MI.-myocardial infarction[心梗]

·min.-minute[分]

·mixt。 –mixture[合剂]

·mmHg.- millimeters of mercury[毫米汞柱]

·MRI.- magnetic resonance image[核磁共振]

·MS.- mitral stenosis[二尖瓣狭窄]

·NV.-nausea and vomiting[恶心呕吐]

·N.B – note bene [注意]

·NE.- norepinephrine [去甲肾上腺炎]

·neg.- negative[阴性的]

·NIDDM.- non-insulin-dependent diabetis mellitus[II型糖尿病]

·norm.- normal[正常的]

·NPN.-non-protein nitrogen[非蛋白氮]

·NPO.- non-peros[禁食]

·NS. –normal saline[生理盐水]

·OB.- obstetrics [产科学]

·OGTT.- oral glucose tolerance test[口服糖耐量试验]

·OP.- out-patient[门诊病人]

·OPC.- out-patient clinic[门诊]

·OR.- operating room[手术室]

·OT. – old tuberculin[旧结核菌素]

·P-pulse[脉搏]

·P.C.- post cibum [饭后]

·PE. (Px.)- physical examination[体检]

·PG. – prostaglandin[前列腺素]

·PH. – past history [过去史]

·PHI. – present history illness[现病史]

·PM.- post meridiem[下午]

·Post-op.- postoperation[术后]

·pre-op.- preoperation[术前]

·priv. – private[私人的]

·prn.-pro re nata[必要时]

·prog.- prognosis[预后]

·P.S. – postscript[附言]

·Psy.- psychiatry[精神病学]

·psychol. – psychology[心理学]

·PT. – physical therapy[物理疗法]

·PT.- prothrombin time[凝血酶原时间]

·qd.- quaque die [每日一次]

·qid.-quater in die [每日四次]

·qn.-quaque nocte[每晚]

·RBC.-red blood count[红细胞计数]

·ref.-reference[参考文献]

·RHD.-Rheumatic heart disease[风心病]

·RI.-regular insulin[正规胰岛素]

·rout.-routin[常规]

·RT.-radiotherapy[放射治疗]

·SBE –subacute bacterial endocarditis[亚急性细菌性心内膜炎]

·Seq.-sequela[后遗症]

·sex.-sexual[性别的]

·sig.-signa[标明用法]

·SK.-streptokinase[链激酶]

·SLE.-sgstemic lupus erythematosus[系统性红斑狼疮]

·SM.-systolic murmur[收缩期杂音]

·SR.-sinus rhythm[窦性节律]

·SSS.-sick sinus syndrome[病窦综合征]

·ST.- skin test[皮试]

·stat.- at once[立即]

·Sx.- symptom or sign[症状或体征]

·Syr.- syrup[糖浆]

·Tab.- stablet[片剂]

·TAT.- toxin-antitoxin[毒素抗毒素]

·TB.-tuberculosis[结核]

·tid.- three times daily[每日三次]

·TSH.- thyroid-stimulating hormone[促甲状腺激素]

·us.- ultrasound[超声]

·VIP.- very important person[贵宾]

·Vit.- vitamine[维生素]

·VSD.- ventricular septal defect[室缺]

·VMA.- hydroxymandelic acid[香草杏仁酸]

·WBC.- white blood cell[白细胞]

·Wt.- weight[体重]

·YO.- years old [岁]

 

 

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